Shoulder and elbow overuse injuries in padel

Padel, a racquet sport combining tennis and squash, can lead to shoulder and elbow overuse injuries. Common shoulder injuries include rotator cuff strain and epicondylitis. To prevent these, strengthen the rotator cuff, avoid excessive overhead shots, and strengthen forearm muscles. Preventive measures include warm-ups, proper footwear, strength training, and rest.

shoulder and elbow overuse injuries in padel
shoulder and elbow overuse injuries in padel

Padel, a popular racquet sport, combines elements of tennis and squash. While it’s a fun and engaging game, players are susceptible to various injuries. In this article, we’ll focus on shoulder and elbow overuse injuries and explore how to prevent them.

Common Shoulder Injuries in Padel

  1. Rotator Cuff Injuries: The rotator cuff consists of four muscles that stabilize the shoulder joint. Overuse, poor technique, or sudden movements can strain these muscles, leading to pain and inflammation. To prevent rotator cuff injuries:
    • Strengthen the Rotator Cuff: Incorporate exercises that target rotator cuff strength and stability into your training routine.
    • Proper Technique: Pay attention to your swing mechanics and avoid excessive overhead shots, especially if you’re a beginner.

Elbow Overuse Injuries

  1. Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow): This is the most common elbow injury in padel. It occurs due to repetitive stress on the tendons that attach to the lateral epicondyle of the elbow. To prevent tennis elbow:
    • Racket Grip: Ensure a proper racket grip to avoid undue strain on the shoulder and elbow.
    • Avoid Overhead Shots: Limit overhead shots, especially if you’re prone to elbow pain.
    • Strengthen Forearm Muscles: Exercises targeting forearm strength can help.

General Tips to Prevent Injuries

  1. Warm-Up: Always warm up before playing. Gentle stretching of the heel tendon (for footwork) and shoulder muscles is essential.
  2. Footwear: Invest in good-quality padel shoes with proper cushioning. Shoe inserts can reduce strain on the heel tendon.
  3. Strength Training: Strengthen calf muscles, hamstrings, and quadriceps to support overall musculature.
  4. Avoid Overuse: Listen to your body and avoid excessive play. Rest and recovery are crucial.
  5. Proper Technique: Learn and practice correct techniques to minimize stress on joints and tendons.

Remember, prevention is key. By following these guidelines, you can enjoy padel while minimizing the risk of shoulder and elbow injuries